I bought a new (adjective) book (noun).
- An adjective modifies (changes a little) a noun.
- An adjective gives a little different meaning to a noun. It
describes or gives information about a noun.
- An adjective usually comes in front of a noun.
- Sometimes, It is alone after the verb.
There are 2 basic positions for adjectives:
- Before the noun and
- After certain verbs
2-1 - Adjective before noun:
We sometimes use more than one adjective before the noun.
The correct order for two or more adjectives is: opinion, fact:
Opinion: is what you think of something.
Fact: is what is definitely true about something (Objective information)
The normal order for fact adjectives is:
size age shape color origin material
A strange true big old square black Chinese wooden table
Opinion= nice, intelligent, beautiful, delicious, etc
Size and length = big, small, tall, short, long, etc
Shape and width = round, fat, thin, slim, wide, etc
Size = how big?, Age = how old?, Color = what color?,
Origin = where from?, Materiel = what is it made of?
Determiners usually come first, even though they are
Articles (a, an, the)
Possessives (my, your...)
Demonstratives (this, that...)
Quantifiers (some, any, few, many...)
Numbers (one, two, three)
When we want to use two color adjectives, we join them
An unusual gold ring
A good-looking young man
An attractive modern house
A black leather gloves
An old American movie
A large red nose
A little old red car
A small black metal box
A long wide avenue
A big black fat cat
A lovely little old village
An interesting old French painting
A long blue and yellow dress.
2-2- Adjective after Verb:
2-2-1 after a Verb:
We can use an adjective after certain verbs:
(Be, become, get, seem, look, feel, sound, smell, taste),
Even though the adjective is after the verb, it does not
describe the verb.
It describes the subject of the verb (Usually a noun or pronoun).
She seems upset.
This soup tastes awful.
This job sounded very interesting.
He feels fine today.
They look wet! Where have they been?
Because she had to wait, she became impatient.
The examination did not seem difficult.
Your friend looks nice.
Dinner smells good tonight.
She looks very happy.
This milk tastes sour.
The coffee tastes strong.
We use an adverb after other verbs:
He has done it very well.
We use an adjective after look when it means seem. But
We use an adverb after "look at".
They look at it angrily.
2-2-2 after the verb to BE:
The world was populated.
The world is overpopulated.
The past participle form of the verb is often used
as an adjective as follow:
Subject + BE + past participle
They were swamped by a lot of work.
3. Other adjectives:
- Demonstrative (those, these, this, that, etc.)
- Distributive (every, each, etc.)
- Interrogative (who, whom, which, what, whose, etc.)
- Possessive (your, its, my, your, etc.)
- Quality (red, big, good, etc.)
- Quantitative (little, few, some, any, etc.)
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