Find the simple past and the past participle of an irregular verb. Enter its infinitive without the preposition "to":
The basics





How could we expect a right response from
a confused question?


1- A subject question:

It is a question that asks for information about the subject. She studies Who studies? Short response: - She. She studied Who studied? Short response: - She. In subject questions Donít use any auxiliary. Donít change the verb.

2- A yes/No question

It is a question that may be answered by yes or no. Does she study English ? Does = auxiliary verb She = subject Study = main verb She studies English. Does she study English ? Short responses: - Yes, she does. - No she doesnít. She studied English. Did she study English ? Short responses: - Yes, she did. - No she didnít. She is studying English. Is she studying English ? Short responses: - Yes, she is. - No she isnít. She has studied English. Has she studied English ? Short responses: - Yes, she has. - No she hasnít. She can study English. Can she study English ? Short responses: - Yes, she can. - No she canít. She will be studying English. Will she be studying English ? Short responses: - Yes, she will. ( Not sheíll ) - No she wonít. ( Or will not) She is/was a student. Is/was she a student? Short responses: - Yes, she is/was. - No she isnít/wasnít. He has the proof . He met her. Do you have a proof ? Have you a proof? Have you met her ? Short responses: - Yes I have. - No I havenít. Use : For the simple present : Does for : it, he, or she. Do for : I, we, you or they For the simple past : Did


  • The main verb is in its simple form. Does he drive?
  • If the verb has a helping verb ( auxiliary), Use this auxiliary in this question. Has he driven?
  • There is no change in the form of the main verb. drive, driven.
  • If the verb has more than one auxiliary Conjugate only the first auxiliary that comes before the subject.
  • In the yes/no questions, the same auxiliary is used in the question and in the short response. You are ready Are you ready? Yes I am.
  • The short response is as follow : Yes/No + Subject + Auxiliary + Not ( Contracted in negative response) No, I will not.
  • Two possible contractions with is and are Sheís not = she isnít Theyíre not = The arenít Iím not. I amnít is the exact street language.
  • In a negative response, not is contracted with the auxiliary. He isn't , she doesn't, ...
  • In an affirmative response the auxiliary is not contracted with the pronoun. Yes I will. Yes, you are.
  • In American English have alone is a main verb. But in British English, it an auxiliary. I have a book Do I have a book? (US) Have I a book ? (UK)
  • As in the perfect tense, have is absolutely an auxiliary, the main verb is a past participle.

3- An information question:

It is a question that asks for information by using a question word. What did she study ? - English. What = question word

3-1 Questions words

When is used to ask questions about time. When did she call? - Last week. Where is used to ask questions about place. Where will you be this evening? - At home. Why is used to ask questions about reason. Why canít you stay with him? - Because I have to move. Who is used as the subject of question for people. It is followed by a singular verb even if it is related to more than one person. Who can solve this problem? - She can. Who is speaking ? - All of them. Who finds my keys? - He does. Whom is used as the object of a verb or preposition. Using who instead in spoken English is informal. Before a preposition whom is used. Whom did she meet? - Her sister. At whom were they staring ? (informal) - At this strange gentleman. Whom where they staring at? (formal) Whose asks questions about possession. Whose pencil is this ?( whose is this?) - Itís mine. Whose books are these ? - Frankís What is used as the subject of a question. It refers to things. What make you upset? - Her behavior. What went wrong? - Everything. It is also used as an object: What did he say ? - Everything is going okay. About what do you care? - My life. Sometimes it accompanies a noun: From what country does she come? - Italy. What time did you arrive? - One Oíclock. What + a form of do is used to ask questions about activities. What should I do? - Be careful. What was she doing? - She was writing an item. What do you do ? = what do you do for living? The questions ask for information about a personís occupation. What does he do? - Heís a scientific programmer. "What kind of" is used to know the particular variety or type of something. What kind of car do they have ? - Audi. What kind of words did you hear? - Nice ones. What is + something / someone) + like? is used to ask for a general description of qualities. What is he like? - Heís clever, friendly and gentle. What were they like? - They are broadminded. What does + (something / someone) + look like? is used to ask for a physical description. What does she look like? - She is a nice figure with black hair. What did these mountains look like? - They were very high. What Ö for? = why =?, For hat purpose? Is used to ask questions about a purpose the speaker does not understand. What did she go to Massachusetts for ? - Iíve no idea. Which is used instead of what when a question concerns choosing from a group . which book (one) do you suggest? - The green one. Which do you suggest? - The green one. In some cases, there is a difference in meaning between which and what when they accompany a noun. In which cities have you lived? - The last ones that I mentioned. In what cities have you lived ? - In Caracas, Connecticut and Montreal. How asks about manner, but it has many idiomatic uses. How did he come from Europe? - By plane. - Very tired. - How is used with much and many. How many days has one week? - Seven. How much information have you got? - A little bit. -How is used with adjectives and adverbs. How old is he? - Heís fifteen. How soon can I get back this book? - In one month. How long asks about length of time. How long has she lived in The United States? - Three years. -How often asks about frequency. How often do you go to the park? - Every Sunday. - How far asks about distance How far can you run? - About two kilometers. - How come means why (the sentence is always affirmative). How come you didnít come over? - I was exhausted. How about = what about : Used to make suggestions. They are followed by a noun, pronoun, or -ing form of the verb. Usually, they are not used in writing , but frequently in informal spoken English.. What about Frank? How about discussing together ? How about You? = What about you? Are used to ask a question whish refers to the information or question that immediately preceded. I am a little bit busy. How about you? How are you felling? = How do you feel? ask about personís physical well-being.

3-2 BE as the main verb:

In this case, it precedes the subject. Who is she? - she is my friend. Where were you? - At the park. What color are his eyes? - They are brown. ( She, you and his eyes : the subjects of the questions) But used as an auxiliary verb, Who was running? - Frank. ( who is the subject of the question)

4- Negative questions

They are used to indicate the speakerís idea (true or not) or attitude ( surprise, shock, annoyance, anger) In yes/no question, the verb is negative and the contraction is usually used. Donít they work out everyday ? Do they not work out everyday? ( very formal) She left home to meet a friend . Isnít she supposed to know his name ? The expected answer is Yes. The answer may be either Yes or No. The news was bad. Werenít you happy? The expected answer is No . Only No is possible.

5- Tag questions

They are added at the end of a sentence. When the sentence is affirmative : The tag question is negative and The expected answers is affirmative : Yes+ subject+ auxiliary When the sentence is negative : The tag question is affirmative and The expected answers is negative : No+ subject+ auxiliary+ not The sun rise from the East . Doesnít it? The sky isnít blue. Is it ? He hasnít gone to sleep. Has he ? She has a bike. Doesnít she. ( Hasnít she is British English) These/Those are your shoes. Arenít they ? There was a parade last week. Wasnít there? I am confusing. Am I not ? ( Arenít I is informal.)

6- More questions with How:

- Who are you getting along? = howís everything going? = howís it going? = how are you doing? - Great. Fine. Okay. So-so. Not so well, not so good, Terrible. - How do you know ? - How does it end? - The speech was confusing. - How does it start? - How did you find out? - How did you meet you wife? - How did the team do - They won? - How did you do on the test? - I got a ďAĒ - How did you sleep last night? - How would you like your coffee? - How do you take your coffee? - How do you spell earth? - How do you say spring in Spanish? - How do you say ( pronounce) this word? - How do you do? is used when two people are first introduced to each other. - How far is it from Boston to Miami? - How fast were you driving? - How cold is it ?

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