In spoken English, to emphasize a word from the sentence, we
use the rhythm. We pronounce the word strongly (with much
strength and with a tone more high).
1. The stress in the sentence
As a word has a stress, a sentence has stresses too. The sentence
stress is the stress on some specific words.
You will come the next week. Wonít you?
Not this week.
To emphasize the subject, we stress it:
Frank did it.
Emphasizing an auxiliary express a contradiction with
What it said before:
You are not aware of the trip.
He didnít come, after all.
We add do or does or did to a base form to emphasize the verb:
You didnít see!
I did see.
Unstressed syllables very often have the sound /ə/.
/ə/ glas/ə/ s /ə/ f water
/ə/ pair /ə/ f books
/ə/ book /ə/ bout /ə/ meric/ə/
She takes h/ə/ r brekf/ə/ st
I want t/ə/ go t/ə/ Californi/ə/
Rhythm is also important in a speech. It refers to keep
the same time between stressed words in a sentence.
Frank enjoys reading books. (Four syllables and four syllables stressed.)
As you might know, It will be a nice day tomorrow.
(Twelve syllables and four syllables stressed.)
We take the same time to say these two sentences.
The intonation depends on the voice and the tone. Rinsing and
falling tones of the language give more than a meaning to the
Are you ready?
Didnít he come yet?
What a beautiful day!
Thatís too bad!
It has a falling tone and provides a comment
or gives an opinion. The speaker expects the other
person to agree.
You didnít call yesterday. Did you?
The street is crowded. Isnít it?
Increasing: with an exclamation mark: not sure
4. The stress in the sentence
[ə]glas[ə]s [ə]f water
[ə]pair [ə]f books
[ə]book [ə]bout [ə]meric[e]
She takes h[ə]r brekf[ə]st
I want t[ə] go t[ə] Californi[ə]