ask us  




Avec Solveur d'Excel
MS Office

© The scientific sentence. 2010

Mathématiques 2: Optimization

1. Definitions

Optimization of a situation refers to 
maximize or minimize that situation. We often 
want to maximize profit and revenue and minimize 
time and losses.

We want to optimize some simple situations using graphs. 
Complex optimization problems, to be solved, recquire 
the use of derivatives and operational research.

Using the graphs, the steps to solve an optimization problem are:

1 - Read the problem,
2 - Reread the problem,
3 - Understand the word-problem,
4 - Draw a picture or graph if appropriate,
5 - Identify the constants, the variables, and what is to be optimized,
6 - Set the constraints,
7 - Plot the graphs of the constraints,
8 - Draw a polygon of constraints in the whole graph,
9 - Identify the objective function (max. or min.),
10 - Evaluate the objective function at the polygon's vertices.
11 - Make a decision (written response).
12 - Reread the question and make sure you have answered what was asked.

All the acceptable solutions can be found inside the 
polygon of constraints.

The objective function determine the best solution. Depending 
on the situation, this best solution gives the highest value 
(maximum) or lowest value ( minimum).

2.Three cases of situation

Generally, we have three cases:

Case 1:

The optimal solution is unique and situated 
at a vertex of the polygon of constraints.

Case 2:

If the line of the objective function is parallel to 
a segment of the polygon, the optimal value in located 
between the two consecutive vertices that form this 

Case 3:

If we cannot build a polygon with the given 
constaraints, we do not have solutions.


  Web ScientificSentence

chimie labs
scientific sentence
green cat

© Scientificsentence 2009. All rights reserved.